Tests and examinations for egg donors

 Tests and examinations for egg donors

More and more often we hear on television and from acquaintances about problem pregnancies or the inability to conceive at all. Although all couples dream of becoming parents, fate and nature decide for them, even after a long period of treatment, by labelling them as “infertile”. But medicine does not stand still, and there have long been assisted reproductive technology. Today, we are going to talk about one of them: egg donation.

What is egg donation and why is it needed?

Egg donation is a technique that uses the cells of a female donor so that an infertile patient can become a mother. Medical professionals then combine eggs and sperm in special laboratories, so that a child can be born through in vitro fertilization.

If you are interested in cost of gestational surrogacy, we advise you best surrogacy agency – Delivering Dreams.

But first, let’s understand for whom this procedure is needed:

  • women after the age of 40;
  • menopausal women;
  • women who have undergone ovarian surgery and can no longer produce their own eggs;
  • women with genetic diseases;
  • Women who have had several attempts at abortion or insemination in the past;
  • Women under 30-35 years of age who have an irregular menstrual cycle.

What are the requirements for an egg donor?

A woman from 18 to 30 years of age without bad habits (smoking or alcohol abuse) can become an egg donor. The main requirement is that she does not have any genetic diseases or sexually transmitted diseases. The woman who donates her eggs must also be completely mentally healthy.

An interesting fact is that parents still pay attention to education, hobbies and abilities when choosing an anonymous donor – playing a musical instrument or drawing.

Tests and the donation procedure

The egg donation technology is always divided into several stages. Usually, all 6-7 stages take about 2-3 months.

First stage. Everything starts with a complete examination of the woman who identifies her wish to become a donor.

For this, one has to do:

  • A complete gynaecological examination;
  • ultrasound of the pelvic organs;
  • An exam by a general practitioner to obtain a surgical certificate;
  • urine tests and vaginal smears;
  • blood tests for blood group and Rh factor. It is important to check for HIV, hepatitis or syphilis, as well as herpes, chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Have your hormone levels checked and your blood clotting tested;
  • have genetic tests done;
  • be sure to get a note from a psychotherapist, and have an X-ray done.

After all the analyses, the second stage begins, when a woman can go to the clinic, where she is examined by a fertility doctor once more, and entered on the register of donors. Here she fills in a donor questionnaire. She fills in all her parameters (weight, height, eye colour, hair shape, etc.), attaching her test results. She also indicates her education, hobbies, lifestyle and talents.

The third step towards egg donation is to synchronise the donor woman’s menstrual cycle with that of the mother-to-be. This is done by taking hormonal medication for 2-3 weeks.

If you are interested in cost of gestational surrogacy, we advise you best surrogacy agency – Delivering Dreams.

The fourth stage is stimulation of donor woman’s ovaries by injecting special medications under the skin in the lower abdomen for 10-14 days. After that the fertility doctor follows the oocyte growth with an ultrasound scan.

The fifth stage is an ovarian puncture. This is the most unpleasant part, so it is often performed under anaesthesia in order to make the procedure as painless as possible, both physically and psychologically. The doctor performs an oviduct puncture through the vagina in 5-10 minutes.

The sixth stage consists of monitoring the donor’s condition in the next few hours after the procedure, as well as a follow-up visit some time after menstruation to make sure all went well and she has recovered.

Delivering Dreams support Ukraine. If you want to help Ukraine in this hard time – NBU Opens Special Account to Raise Funds for Ukraine’s Armed Forces, check this link to help.

Ferina Jenny